Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎

Last update: 23 May 2020
SPECIES: Trichrysis cyanea
GENUS: TRICHRYSIS
FAMILY: Cuckoo wasps (CHRYSIDIDAE)



OBSERVATION:
2020-V-232019-VII-202019-VI-16

YEARS:
20192020

MONTHS:
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec


Trichrysis cyanea
Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎

1. DISTRIBUTION

T. cyanea is a common wasp in the whole of the Netherlands [1, 5]. In the garden it is a resident species that is present every year in smaller numbers.

2. BEHAVIOR

2.1. ACTIVITY

The species is active between April and October [5].

2.2. DEVELOPMENT

Like all cuckoo wasps this species is a parasite. In the garden it’s host is at least Trypoxylon digger wasps that nest in the bee hotel and there they can be found most often.

The larvae are paraitoids on the host larvae meaning they eat them. 

Trichrysis cyanea

3. IDENTIFICATION

It is a small wasp measuring 4 – 8 mm [2].

Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎

The primary characteristics of the species are [2]:

1. Antenna scapus lies deep in the frons
2. Keel (carina) on frons

Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎
Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎

3. Tergite III rear edge pointed like a trident, teeth can be small

Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎, tergite 3 with 3 teeth
Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎, tergite 3 with 3 teeth

4. Small black spots on sternite II

Trichrysis cyanea ♀︎, black spots on sternite 2

5. Vein of marginal cel is straight and continues up to the wing edege

Trichrysis cyanea, vleugelader kenmerken

6. Body metallic blue-green
7. Male sometimes have a black back or are seldom almost completely black (not shown in photo)

Trichrysis cyanea

4. PARASITIC RELATIONS

T. cyanea is a parasitoid parasite on the following species in the garden:


References

1 Nederlands Soortenregister

2 Paukkunen J, Berg A, Soon V, Ødegaard F, Rosa P (2015) An illustrated key to the cuckoo wasps (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) of the Nordic and Baltic countries, with description of a new species. ZooKeys 548: 1-116.

3 TORMOS, J., et al. Description of the mature larvae of Chrysis gracillima and Omalus biaccinctus and new data on the biology of Trichrysis cyanea (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae). Florida Entomologist, 1996, 79.1: 56.

4 PAERN, Madli, et al. Host specificity of the tribe Chrysidini (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) in Estonia ascertained with trap-nesting. EJE, 2015, 112.1: 91-99.

5 Waarneming.nl

6 Peeters, T.M.J., C. van Achterberg, W.R.B. Heitmans, W.F. Klein, V. Lefeber, A.J. van Loon, A.A. Mabelis, H. Nieuwen-huijsen, M. Reemer, J. de Rond, J. Smit, H.H.W. Velthuis, 2004. De wespen en mieren van Nederland (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). – Nederlandse Fauna 6. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, Leiden, knnv Uitgeverij, Utrecht & European Invertebrate Survey – Nederland, Leiden.